Although HIV is still at large on the loose, its infection rates have reduced around the world according to figures released . The report shows that the annual number of new HIV infections in children has more than halved since 2001, from 550,000 to 260,000.
New infections overall have tumbled by a third over the same period. Death rates are falling too, from a peak of 2.3 million in 2005 to 1.6 million last year.
It is believed that many of the reductions are related to increases in the availability of antiretroviral therapy. Of everyone eligible for treatment globally, 61 per cent are now receiving ART – almost 10 million people in total.
Other key factors that may have helped reduce infection rates include scaled-up programmes to prevent mothers with HIV passing the virus to their babies, and the in Africa.
Recent changes to mean an additional 10 million can now receive ART, raising hopes of further success.